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This site has Historical Information on Vietnam Deployment of
231st Army Reserves Medium Boat, 1968-69 from St. Petersburg Florida

231st LCM8's (Mike Boat 72' x 22.2') Mekong Delta 1968
19 LCM8 Mike Boats with typical crew of six men (live aboard)
2 Coxswains, 2 Marine Engineers, 2 Deck Hands
The Boats were well armed and all crew members were expected to handle if needed the two 
50 cal Machine Guns deck mounted, two M60 free hand Machine Guns plus                      
M79 Grenade Launchers, Individual M16's auto, 45 Cal auto pistol.

231st initial crew 1968 Bravo 16
Roger Kennedy, Russ King, Jon Cameron, Phil Skeleton, front Tom Twitty, Robert Reid
Average age 25, two years of college, Spec. E-4 or E-5

231St Army Reserves War

Call Up The Army Reserves - It was May 1968 and President Johnson approved a limited call-up of 35 Reserve Units for 24 months or less. Many of the Army units were not combat-ready and only a few, about 1,000 were sent to Vietnam. One of them, the 231st Transportation Company Boat Company from St. Petersburg, FL was called. Ready or Not, the Unit was chosen to get battle-ready in 4 months and shipped directly to Vietnam Mekong Delta. The 231st was staffed by 196 men of worldly experience from 19 to 50 years of age with the average age of 25. Combat was not our DNA but the Army had plans which we were not aware. 

Politics - We had lost the first battle with the Army through our Congressional Delegation of Florida for we were trying to negate the call up in general. The reason the unit was not trained in close combat operations using this equipment. We were a Heavy Boat unit I.E. Tug Boats and Cargo Ships. We lost that battle and proceeded to get ready for the mission that only a few knew about. Apparently the Unit had  been designated LCM Medium Boat Unit with 19 LCM8’s (Landing Craft Mechanized).

The Army had figured out a special mission using our Men and Boats. (Note; we had never seen or trained with these LCM Boats).... The Mission, support Mobile Riverine Force and 9th Infantry in an all-out effort "Game Warden" in the Mekong Delta. It was an Allied Offensive using US Navy, Army, Air Force along with South Vietnamese ARVN troops. The mission, cut off all influx of enemy supplies,troops from North Vietnam coming through Cambodia Ho Chi Ming Trail down to Mekong Delta and beyond. The primary enforcement on the Rivers and Canals was handled by the Navy PBR Boats and inserting Army 9th Infantry units. Our 231st Army Transportation Unit maned and operate 19 LCM 8 landing crafts that were customized for the Mission. We were to support the massive Riverine Force and deliver logistic materials and troops to many out bases. Reinforce could only come from Air or Water.  The Mekong Delta was dredged during the failed French Indochina War 1946-1954. Most of the 231st were unaware of this mission until arriving in-country and our River War was underway for the next 12 months. Another name for the mission was the Shallow Water War or Brown Water Navy. (The Mekong Delta consisted of 15,600 Sq Miles, 3,000 miles of waterways) many unnavigable for deep keel boats.  Our LCM 8's drew a little over 4.5 Ft. of water. They could bounce over logs and sandbars usually.  (see specs below)

This Reserve Call-Up was dubbed as the ” Clark Clifford Experience”. Clifford had replaced Robert McNamara as Secretary of Defense in 1968 and convinced President Johnson to deny General Westmore land’s request for an additional 206,000 American troops. So the training began for the 231st at Ft. Eustis for 120 days then the main body arrived in late Aug. 1968 in Vung Tau South Vietnam. It was right after the North Vietnam TET Offensive and the US Command was planning a major counteroffensive in the Mekong Delta and surrounding Rivers. This had been the main route that the North Vietnam Army had infiltrated men and supplies for the Tet Offensive. 

On arrival by air in Vung Tau, Vietnam late Aug. 1968 the Unit received the 19 bare bones LCM's 8's. These 72 Ft Landing Craft boats had been Mothballed since new around 1956-58. We went to work for the next 30 days to un-mothball and build-out Plywood Living quarters for a crew of 6 men to a boat. We armed the boats with two 50 caliber machine guns and mounts including a protective armor plate along with other weapons issues including two 30 caliber M60 machine guns, two M79 grenade launchers, and 6 personal M16’s fully automatic. The Six-man crews were all ( NCO’s) with the highest rank of E5 for Coxswain and Chief Engineer. The missions for Bravo 16, my boat, began with a surprise cargo of Budweiser Beer. This cargo was destined for delivery to the 9th Infantry about 200 clicks deep in Delta at the base known as Dong Tam. It was in a remote area with zero road access on a cross-section of canals about 40 clicks from the main river. We hunkered down beached behind an unknown artillery battery (another story). We were instant heroes flying our Florida Flag as we arrived at this base and ammo and beer for all. The mission of the 9th Infantry was to root out the Vietcong and North Vietnamese troops and supplies from the hamlets and surrounding villages. They were inserted by various means including Helicopter and Landing craft.

Note: we were informed by Col. Boyd (see below) of the 50th-year Commemoration of serving during the Vietnam War. Boyd indicated the 231st was not only the first Reserve Unit in Vietnam but of all the reserves call-up, only 1,000 served in the war zone. The following links and pages will attempt to put it on record. The Photos and other details of this Unit’s service and the History and current situation of its members. Send any updates please and I will try to post them asap. 

This website was created and Published since 1999
Tom Twitty, Publisher, and Editor
updated 07/25/23


Members of the 35 USAR units in Vietnam received 277 Certificates of Achievement and the following other awards: one Silver Star, five Legion of Merit awards, 384 Bronze Stars, seven Air Medals, 779 Army Commendation Medals, and 20 Purple Hearts. Additionally, the 231 st Transportation Company (Floating Craft), from St. Petersburg, Florida, was selected as the Army's outstanding transportation unit in Vietnam and received the National Defense Transportation Award. Two Army Reserve units were recommended for the Presidential Unit Citation, 13 for the Meritorious Unit Citation, and one for the Unit Cross of Gallantry (Vietnam). There were some problems with Army Reserve units in Vietnam, but they were not problems caused by the units themselves. The biggest gripe from unit personnel was the Army's policy of "infusion," i.e. of taking members out of USAR units and replacing them with non-unit personnel. As the French military thinker Ardant Du Picq stated: "Four brave men who do not know each other will not dare to attack a lion. Four less brave, but knowing each other well, sure of their reliability and consequently of mutual aid will attack resolutely. There is the science of the organization of armies in a nutshell."



700 Plus Photos
Army 231st Vietnam Tour Collection of various photo's / slides by the 231st Troops. See Articles from Newspapers.

Look below for 3 YouTube
Movies of 231st Operations in War Zone including Mekong Delta, Navy Riverine and 9th Infantry Support


"Fragments Vietnam 1968-69"
New Website, Photo Album
By Don Johnson Published 2017

Army 231st Experience

Fantastic collection by our Traveling Company Clerk




Mekong Delta Yacht Club License Tags
New Order Arrived
- Changed Date from (1965-1971) on Tag. Good for all Navy and Army personnel that served in the Delta.
This tag is really cool and says it all in a discrete way. All troops that served in the Brown Water Navy should have one of these. Pass The word.
Cameron Design
(copyrights pending) Mekong Delta Yacht Club License Tags for your ride. A discrete way of all Delta Vietnam Vets saying, "I was there". $15.00 each, Plus $5.00 if mailed. Send orders via e-mail to and pay for them using PayPal link below.

Note the company receiving donations is LovedOnes Inc.
LovedOnes has handled all cost to publish CombatVets and 231st Vietnam

License Tags and Shirts 231st and MCD Yacht Club

3 different shirt designs

T Shirts for 231st Army Reserves.
Norm Cameron has designed some really great cool looking T's and is collecting orders at this time. Go to this page to inspect and order your shirts. These shirts are Limited Edition one time print and only available to members of the Army 231st Reserves Members and their families. This includes all 231st members that served at any time and any place.
See Larger Images and order form here.. Order blank is obsolete..


Post 273

April 7th 2015-231st Vietnam Luncheon American Legion
Post 273 Madeira Bch. Click Photo or link below for photos.
We had a great turnout at the Legion and Norm Cameron delivered all pre-sold T-shirts that were done to attendees. Tom Twitty presented the Mekong Delta Yacht Club License Tag sample and took Pre-Orders for 25 units. Happy to say two of the guys allowed their Wife's to attend. 20 of the troops, the best showing of the year. Thanks Tom

Pix published here

Keep Scrolling Down for More on 231st

New 2/21/2015 50th Commemoration of the Army Reserve in Vietnam
Dr. Boyd and other VIPs did a fantastic job presenting the 50th Commemoration event at the Max Stover Army Reserve Center. He presented a Certificate of Appreciation to all attending 231st Army Reserves Boat Unit Members.  I have sent out a high resolution to all members that we have e-mail for and it may be printed for framing.
It was a well done presentation and 15 of our 231st Vietnam Vets present and some with family plus 2 from the 319 Truck Unit out of Augusta GA.  The current St. Pete 788th Medical hospital reserve unit was present plus a covey of Army Brass. Our hands were sore from all the Welcome Home Handshakes. 
Where were all those nurses when we were over in Nam?

It was well done and accepted by attending Vets and Family. Many of the Vets did not attend because they are still pissed we got called-up and this was disrupted their lives.View Photo Album for Articles of the distress it caused.


Click Certificate above For more information

231st 2015

THANKS !!!!!!!!!
Very Respectfully, JOHN "JAY" BOYD, Ph.D.
"Victory Through History!"
Director, Office of Army Reserve History
Headquarters, U.S. Army Reserve
4710 Knox Street
Fort Bragg, NC  28310-5010
(910) 570-8183


"Apocalypse Now"


This movie kind of resembles
where we were in role of evil.

Mix Collection of 231st Vietnam Photos including articles of controversy over Reserve Call-Up
231st Vietnam Photo Album

Hula Bay 2015
231 Vietnam Vets

Reunion Oct. 13-15 2006
Reunion Photo 2006

Click Here larger Pix.
What we did.
 Friday, Oct. 13th: 2006 Arrival reception around Harry’s Pool Bar at Sirata Resort.  About 31 of the vets showed up for cocktails and then it was off to Silas Dents for Dinner and more drinks.  The night ended up at Sirata Lobby Lounge whereas about 8 of the seasoned Vets closed the place down, or almost.  . 
Saturday, Oct. 14th:       10:00  AM started with a hang-over for some and we spent the day telling lies and showing the DVD's and slides.  Notable DVD' included the Super 8 movies converted by Jim Sanders and Tracy Presser which we were able to project for all to see.  (These images will be available shortly vis this website)   
6:00 PM – 10:00 PM we boarded the Starlight Princess for our dinner cruise with speaker George Calder Supervisor of the Florida Dept. of Veterans Affairs at Bay Pines.  Interested facts and pointer were obtained for the benefits of both Vets and Spouses for now and into the future.  Lt. Joe Vetrano read the list of our departed comrades in arms and we toasted them in spirit.  An outstanding dinner was served and we visited and listened to the band and did some dancing.  Everyone split at 10:00 PM when the boat landed to watch the Gators have a melt down. It was a great night and the weather was perfect.
Sunday, Oct. 15th:  Breakfast at Resort Restaurant. for those that were up and at them.  Goodbye's by all and a promise to get together in a year at Chat A Ways for lunch and plan a Caribbean Cruise for the 40th Anniversary of our Call Up.  So put it on your calendar now Oct 2008.

George Calder gave me his direct e-mail to his Bay Pines office and is standing by to help with any claims you may want to submit for Service Connected Disability. 
Note:  Send any pictures that you want published on our website to me at the e-mail list below.  Also I want to thank all the folks that participated and helped me run down the troops for this reunion.  Special thanks for those that donated some Cash to make all this happen.    Till the Tide Comes In!

Reunion 2004 and what we did.

Full Narrative on 2004 Reunion
More Photos


NEW-- posted 2/19/2015

Sander's Video of the 231st Army Reserves
1968-69 River War on Vietnam's Mekong Delta Area
New -- Posted 3/06/2015
Tracy Pressners 231sr Army at War
Movie on the Mekong Delta
New 4/26/2015
Movie on YouTube Published from Lowell Thomas movie collection. Interesting new images of the mission. Click on Lowell's Photo. ENJOY!
(If no music, it's been blocked, -but we have disputed the copyright claim) .
Thanks Rod Harris for providing Lowell's Movie. RIP Lowell Thomas on of the great guys.


Hope you enjoy the History of 231st Vietnam Vets 1968-69 
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